A Psycholinguistic Cross-Cultural Study of the Concept 'Conflict' in India and Ukraine

Authors

  • Andriy Girnyk National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine
  • Yuliya Krylova-Grek Hryhorii Kostyuk Institute of Psychology, National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine
  • Azizuddin Khan Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2021.8.2.gir

Keywords:

conflict, cultures, semantic field, similarity, difference, India, Ukraine

Abstract

The paper presents a comparative study of the semantic field of the concept of conflict in Ukrainian and Indian cultures. The literature review has shown that there has not been any discussion on the abstract general concept of conflict. However, we consider such data exceptionally important for a better understanding of the worldview and cultural differences in diverse countries. Our study aimed to identify cultural features, similarities, and differences in the perception of the concept of conflict by representatives of various cultures. To investigate the way the concept of conflict is perceived, we used a set of methods, including speech activity analysis, free-listing for data gathering and processing, mathematical calculation, systematization, and generalization of results We conducted our study in three phases: at the first stage we gathered data, at the second we processed them, and at the third phase we generalized the findings and drawing conclusions. The students from Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine) and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (India) participated in the research (19-24years old). In general, we got 292 questionnaires. The experiment revealed that the common semantic core of the concept of conflict in Ukrainian and Indian cultures contains seven words: fight, misunderstanding, war, disagreement, quarrel, struggle, aggression. But in contrast to the Ukrainian culture, in India, the associations with the given concept predominantly depict the person’s emotional state (sadness, anger, fear, confusion, and misunderstanding). Participants from India also mention caste discrimination and religious diversity. In Ukraine, the word conflict is much associated with negative interaction (quarrel, aggression, argument, dispute, etc.). Besides, in contrast to the Indian culture, there are no associations with social discrimination and religious diversity. The importance of our findings cannot be stressed too much since they can potentially be used in mediation, social advertising, and international negotiations.

Author Biographies

Andriy Girnyk , National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine

Yuliya Krylova-Grek , Hryhorii Kostyuk Institute of Psychology, National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine

Azizuddin Khan, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India

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Cliff, G. (ed.). Wierzbicka, A., Amberber, M. at al. (2008). Cross-linguistic semantics. Amsterdam: Benjamins: Studies in Language Companion Series. https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.102

De Deyne, S., Navarro, D., and Storms, G. (2012). Better explanations of lexical and semantic cognition using networks derived from continued rather than single word associations. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 480—498.

Kiss, G. (1968). Words, associations, and networks. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 7, 707—713.

Kiss, G., Armstrong, C., Milroy, R. (1972). The Associative Thesaurus of English. Edinburg: Univ. of Edinb., MRC Speech and Communication Unit.

Krylova-Grek Yu. (2016) The Psycholinguistic Aspects of Influence of the Symbol Used in Media. Psycholinguistics, 20(1), 136-145.

Goddard, C., Wierzbicka, A., and Wong, J. (2016). “Walking” and “running” in English and German: The conceptual semantics of verbs of human locomotion. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 14(2), 303–336. https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.14.2

Gumperz, J. J., and Levinson, S. C. (1996). Rethinking linguistic relativity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Savvinova, G. (2018). Special Features in Expressing the ‘Homeland’ Concept in the Yakut Heroic Epic Olonkho. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 7(5), 168-179. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1910

Vygotsky, L. S. (1986). Thought and language (translated and edited by Alex Kozulin). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Weller, S. C., & Romney, A. K. (1988). Systematic data collection. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781412986069

Wolff, P., & Holmes, K. J. (2011). Linguistic relativity. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2(3), 253-265.

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Published

2021-12-27

How to Cite

Girnyk , A., Krylova-Grek , Y. ., & Khan, A. . (2021). A Psycholinguistic Cross-Cultural Study of the Concept ’Conflict’ in India and Ukraine. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 8(2). https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2021.8.2.gir

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Vol 8 No 2 (2021)