Neuropsycholinguistic Links Between Procrastination and Prospective Memory

  • Olena Zhuravlova Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Oleksandr Zhuravlov Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Nataliya Kozachuk Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Iryna Volzhentseva Hrihorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav, Ukraine
  • Larysa Zasiekina Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
Keywords: procrastination, prospective memory, electrical activity of the cerebral cortex, linguistic stimuli complexity.

Abstract

The research objective is to examine the brain activity of individuals with different levels of procrastination. The study applies EEG data analysis with different levels of linguistic stimuli complexity (letter and semantic word), allowing to change the cognitive load and register the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex while performing tasks with two different stimuli: perceptual and semantic. We registered the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex in 20 individuals (18 females, 2 males) in the shielding lightproof testing room of the Laboratory of Age Neurophysiology at Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University. This technique analyzes the dynamics of cortical electrogenesis identifies general patterns of local and spatial synchronization of biopotentials of the cerebral cortex. The findings indicate that the dynamics of cortical electrogenesis of prospective memory depends on linguistic stimuli complexity in procrastinators, associated with increased energy expenditure. Furthermore, the largest number of statistically significant intergroup differences in subjects with different levels of procrastination was found in the beta range of EEG, indicating the rhythm of activity. On the one hand, this rhythm of activity is dependent on the optimization of problem-solving. On the other, the increase in its power reflects cortical excitation and selective inhibition. Evidence consistently suggests that the complexity of the linguistic task increases the interaction of brain macrostructures in the anterior associative zone (fronto-central leads) in students with dilatory behaviour. In contrast, subjects without dilatory behaviour demonstrate only changes in spatial synchronization modulated according to the linguistic stimuli complexity.

References

Berdnikov, D.V. (2017). Nejrofiziologicheskie i psihofiziologicheskie issledovaniya organizacii regulyacii celenapravlennoj deyatel'nosti [Nuerophysiologycal and psychophysiological studies of the organization of regulation of targeted human activity]. Zhurnal fundamental'noj biologii i mediciny, 4, 12–20.

Crystal, J.D. & Wilson, A.G. (2015). Prospective memory: a comparative perspective. Behavioural processes, 112, 88–99.

Ericson, K. M. (2017). On the interaction of memory and procrastination: Implications for reminders, deadlines, and empirical estimation. Journal of the European Economic Association, 15(3), 692-719.

Gevins, A. & Smith, M. (2000). Neurophysiological measures of working memory and individual differences in cognitive ability and cognitive style. Сerebral Cortex, 10(9), 829–832.

Raskin, S., Buckheit, C. & Waxman, A. (2012). Effect of Type of Cue, Type of Response, Time Delay and Two Different Ongoing Tasks on Prospective Memory Functioning after Acquired Brain Injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 22 (1), 42–64.

Varlamov, А.А. & Strelec, V.B. (2013). Analiz kogerentnosti EEG pri depressivnyh rasstrojstvah: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy klinicheskogo primeneniya [EEG Coherence Analysis in Depressive Disorders and ItsPossible Use in Clinical Practice: A Literature Review]. Zhurnal vysshej nervnoj deyatel'nosti im. I.P. Pavlova, 63(6), 6–13.

West, R. (2008). The cognitive neuroscience of prospective memory. In M. Kliegel, M. McDaniel, & G. Einstein (Eds.). Prospective memory: Cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied perspectives (p. 261–282). New York, NY: Tayler and Frances

Wong, A., Cooper, P.S., Conley, A.C., McKewen, M., Fulham, W.R., Michie, P.T. & Karayanidis, F. (2018). Event-Related Potential Responses to Task Switching Are Sensitive to Choice of Spatial Filter. Frontiers in neuroscience, 12, 143.

Wu, Y., Li, L., Yuan, B. & Tian, X. (2016). Individual differences in resting state functional connectivity predict procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 95, 62–67.

Zhang, W., Wang, X. & Feng, T. (2016). Identifying the neural substrates of procrastination: A resting-state fMRI study. Scientific Reports, 6, 33203.

Zhuravliova, O., Zasiekina, L., & Zhuravliov, O. (2019). Academic Procrastination Among International Undergraduate Students Under the Conditions of Linguistic and Cultural Integration. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 6(1), 82-93. https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2019.6.1.zhu

Zhuravlova, О. & Zhuravlov, О. (2018). Rozrobka ta aprobatsiia metodyky diahnostyky osobystisnoho konstruktuprokrastynatsii [Development and approbation of the diagnostic methodology of the personal construction of procrastination]. Visnyk of Kherson State University. Seriia Psykholohichni Nauky, 1(3), 42–46.

Published
2021-12-27
How to Cite
ZhuravlovaO., ZhuravlovO., KozachukN., VolzhentsevaI., & ZasiekinaL. (2021). Neuropsycholinguistic Links Between Procrastination and Prospective Memory. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics , 8(2). https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2021.8.2.zhu
Section
Vol 8 No 2 (2021)