Verbal Expression of Preparedness in Retirement Planning Interviews

  • Liudmyla Mahdysiuk Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Halyna Tryhub Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Tamara Duchiminska Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Anna Kulchytska Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
  • Larysa Zasiekina Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
Keywords: preparedness for retirement, retirement planned interviews, conceptualization, psychological meaning

Abstract

Conceptualization of retirement requires interdisciplinary research, which is represented by psycholinguistic approach in the present paper. The study takes a first step to explore conceptualization of retirement by individuals with different levels of retirement preparedness. The study applies questionnaire Psychological Preparedness for Retirement (Zasiekina & Mahdysiuk, 2018) to assess levels of preparedness; semi-structured interviews to focus primarily on concerns related to planning postretirement period; Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) (Tausczik & Pennebaker, 2010) to reveal psychological categories and explore conceptualization of retirement.  By the end of the assessment, data had been collected from 117 workers who were at preretirement period. The sample was weighted by age and occupation in order to improve its representative of the total population 22 (18.8%) – university staff, teachers at colleges, 18 (15.4%), nurses in kindergartens, 8 (6.6%), healthcare staff, 18 (15.4%), government officials, 28 (23.9%), workers from private sector, 23 (19.7%). The final weighted sample includes 65.8% females, average age 54.52, (SD=6.21). The results indicate that 8.5% respondents have a low level of preparedness, 61.5% - a medium level of preparedness and 30% - a high level of preparedness. Interestingly, the highest percentage of categories of affect and positive emotions were observed in the group with a medium level of preparedness, whereas the highest percentage of categories cause, focus on present, and family were captured in the group with a high level of preparedness. Taken together, these results suggest that the high level of retirement preparedness is associated with active cognitive reappraisal of retirement as a period of family activities.

Author Biographies

Liudmyla Mahdysiuk, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5304-933X

magdisyuk.lyudmila@vnu.edu.ua   

Halyna Tryhub, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
Tamara Duchiminska, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3352-3188

duchiminska.tamara@vnu.edu.ua 

Anna Kulchytska, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine
Larysa Zasiekina , Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Ukraine

References

Zasiekina, L., Mahdysiuk, L. (2018). Psykholohichna hotovnist osobystosti do vykhodu na pensiyu [Individual Psychological Preparedness for Retirement]. Lutsk: Ivaniuk.

Astuti, D. (2020). Readiness in retirement life. SHS Web of Conferences 76, 01004. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20207601004

De los Santos, J. A. A., Labrague, L. J., & Milla, N. E. (2019). Happiness and retirement readiness among pre-retiring employees: a cross-sectional study. Ageing International, 45, 85–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12126-019-09351-z

Park, S. M. (2017). The gendered impact of the National Pension Scheme on late-life economic well-being: evidence from the Korean retirement and income study. Quality in Ageing and Older Adults,19(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/QAOA-09-2016-0039

Osborne, J. W. (2012). Psychological effects of the transition to retirement. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 46(1), 45-58.

Tausczik, Y. R., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2010). The psychological meaning of words: LIWC and computerized text analysis methods. Journal of language and social psychology, 29(1), 24-54. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X09351676

Victor, C. R. (2013). Old age in modern society: A textbook of social gerontology. Springer.

Wang, M., Olson, D. A., & Shultz, K. S. (2012). Mid and late career issues: An integrative perspective. Routledge.

Wang, M., & Shi, J. (2014). Psychological research on retirement. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 209-233. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115131

Wang, M., & Shultz, K. S. (2010). Employee retirement: A review and recommendations for future investigation. Journal of Management, 36(1), 172-206. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0149206309347957

Zasiekin, S., Bezuglova, N., Hapon, A., Matiushenko, V., Podolska, O., & Zubchuk, D. (2018). Psycholinguistic aspects of translating LIWC dictionary. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 5(1), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2018.5.1.zas

Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Mahdysiuk, L., Tryhub, H., Duchiminska, T., Kulchytska, A., & Zasiekina , L. (2020). Verbal Expression of Preparedness in Retirement Planning Interviews. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics , 7(2). https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2020.7.2.mah
Section
Vol 7 No 2 (2020)