Application Perspectives of Corpus-Based Methods Within Linguo-Cultural and Psycholinguistic Analysis: German Emotional Concept Sehnsucht

  • Kostiantyn Mizin Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University, Ukraine
  • Lesia Ovsiienko Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Ukraine
Keywords: emotion, linguo-cultural concept, contrastive linguo-cultural analysis, corpus-based method, German language, psycholinguistics.

Abstract

The paper aims at exploring the German emotional concept SEHNSUCHT features on the basis of corpus-based method being part of contrastive linguo-cultural (language-and-culture oriented) analysis of specific linguo-cultural (language-and-culture) concepts. The tested method includes two research procedures: 1) establishing relevant senses of the concept SEHNSUCHT and identifying their basic sense clusters by contrastive translation analysis of concordances built on the basis of the word query Sehnsucht; 2) determining the emotional concepts that can serve as the representatives of the concept SEHNSUCHT in the target linguo-cultures (languages and cultures). The latter procedure includes processing the co-occurrent profile of the word query Sehnsucht. This profile is an up-to-date definition of the lexeme Sehnsucht. By extrapolating the basic semantic features of this definition on the cognitive features of the concept SEHNSUCHT, the main concept representatives of the latter have been determined. It has been revealed that the basic emotional senses of the concept SEHNSUCHT (‘striving’, ‘desire’, ‘wish’, ‘longing’, ‘mourning for a person one loses’, ‘passionate attraction’ and others) create the following sense clusters: 1) ‘intensive inner affection’; 2) ‘passionate (sexual) affection’; 3) ‘striving for life changes (alternatives)’; 4) ‘longing (nostalgia) for life changes (alternatives)’; 5) ‘mourning (grief) for another person, often with no hope’. Based on the linguistic corpus statistic data as of the frequency of co-occurrent-like forms, co-occurrents and left- and right-hand collocates of the word query Sehnsucht, the co-occurrent profile of the word was developed. With the help of the relevant definition of the lexeme Sehnsucht studied on the basis of the co-occurrent profile, the basic concept representatives of the concept SEHNSUCHT, i.e. PASSION, DESIRE, SADNESS, were revealed. These concepts can facilitate an adequate transfer of the specific concept SEHNSUCHT to the target languages and cultures, provided no adequate analogue exists. The tested method may be also applied in psycholinguistic studies aimed at mental and verbal categorization of specific emotions.

References

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  • Scheibe, S., Blanchard-Fields, F., Wiest, M. & Freund, A. M. (2011). Is Longing only for Germans? A Cross-cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States. Developmental Psychology, 47(3), 603–618. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021807.
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References (translated and transliterated)

  • Adolphs, S. (2006). Introducing Electronic Text Analysis: A practical guide for language and literary studies. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203087701.
  • Bahn, D., Kauschke, Chr., Vesker, M., & Schwaryer, G. (2018). Perception of valence and arousal in German emotion terms: A comparison between 9-year-old children and adults. Applied Psycholinguistics, 39(3), 463–481. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716417000443.
  • Belica, C. (2011). Semantische Nähe als Ähnlichkeit von Kookkurrenzprofilen. In A. Abel & R. Zanin (Hrsg.), Korpora in Lehre und Forschung (pp. 155–178). Bozen-Bolzaro: Freie Universität.
  • Bloch, R. (1967). Über die Bedeutung der Todessehnsucht für psychogene Störungen des Ernährungstriebes. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychoanalyse, 13(1), 63–69.
  • Citron, F., Weekes, B. S., & Ferstl, E. C. (2014). How are affective word ratings related to lexicosemantic properties? Evidence from the Sussex Affective Word List. Applied Psycholinguistics, 35, 313–331. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716412000409.
  • Cowen, A. S., & Keltner, D. (2017). Self-report captures 27 distinct categories of emotion bridged by continuous gradients. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 7900–7909. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1702247114.
  • DKW. (1997). Der kleine Wahrig. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Gütersloh: Berstelsmann Lexikon.
  • Du, S., Tao, Y., & Martinez, A. M. (2014). Compound facial expressions of emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(15), 1454–1462. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1322355111.
  • DWDS Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Retrieved from http://www.dwds.de/ressourcen/korpora/
  • Edgar, A., & Sedgwick, P., (Eds). (2007). Cultural Theory: The Key Concepts. London: Routledge.
  • Garnham, A. (1985). Psycholinguistics: Central Topics. London & New York: Methuen.
  • Gawda, B. (2019). The Structure of the Concepts Related to Love Spectrum: Emotional Verbal Fluency Technique Application, Initial Psychometrics, and Its Validation. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 48, 1339–1361. https://doi.org./10.1007/s10936-019-09661-y.
  • Izard, C. E. (2011). Forms and functions of emotions: Matters of emotion–cognition interactions. Emotion Review, 3, 371–378. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073911410737.
  • Kalishchuk, D., & Lazuka, O. (2015). Osoblyvosti verbalizatsii contseptu freedom v amerykanskomu politychnomu dyskursi dobu “kholodnoyi viyny” [Verbalizing the Concept of Freedom in the Cold War U. S. Political Discourse]. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 2(1), 52–58. Retrieved from http://eepl.at.ua/_ld/0/66_eejpl_journal_2.pdf.
  • Kotter-Grühn, D., Scheibe, S., Blanchard-Fields, F. & Baltes, P. B. (2009). Developmental emergence and functionality of “Sehnsucht” (life longings): The sample case of involuntary childlessness in middle-aged women. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 634–644. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016359.
  • Kövecses, Z. 1990. Emotion Concepts. New York: Springer.
  • Kulpina, V., & Tatarinov, V. (2018). Dictionary of Linguoculturology Terms as a Solution to the Current Research Problem. Open Journal for Studies in Linguistics1(1), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.ojsl.0101.02015k
  • Kuperman, V., Estes, Z., Brysbaert, M., & Warriner, A. B. (2014). Emotion and language: Valence and arousal affect word recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1065–1081. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035669.
  • LCC Leipzig Corpora Collection: Deutsches Nachrichten-Korpus basierend auf Texten gecrawlt 2018. Retrieved from http://corpora.uni-leipzig.de/de/res?word=Sehnsucht&corpusId=deu_newscrawl-public_2018
  • Levenson, R. W. (2011). Basic emotion questions. Emotion Review, 3, 379–386. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073911410743.
  • Ling. (2002). Sistema Elektronnyih Slovarey [System of Electronic Dictionaries]ABBYY Lingvo 8.0. Software House.
  • Lomas, T. (2016). Towards a Positive Cross-cultural Lexicography: Enriching Our Emotional Landscape through 216 “Untranslatable” Words Pertaining to Well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(5), 546–558. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2015.1127993.
  • Maslova, V. A. (2005). Kognitivnaya lingvistika [Cognitive Linguistics]. Minsk: TetraSistems.
  • Mayer, S., Scheibe, S. & Riediger, M. (2008). (Un)Reachable? An empirical differentiation of goals and life longings. European Psychologist, 13(2), 126–140. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.2.126.
  • Mizin, K., Letiucha, L., & Petrov, O. (2019). Deutsche linguokulturelle Konzepte im Lichte der germanisch-ostslawischen Kontraste: Methode zur Feststellung von spezifischen bzw. einzigartigen Bedeutungen. Germanoslavica, 30(1), 49-70.
  • Mizin, K., & Letiucha, L. (2019). The Linguo-Cultural Concept TORSCHLUSSPANIK as the Representative of Ethno-Specific Psycho-Emotional State of Germans. Psycholinguistics-Psiholingvistika, 25(2), 234–249. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2019-25-2.
  • NWDTEL. (1993). New Webster’s Dictionary and Thesaurus of the English Language. Danbury CT: Lexicon Publications.
  • Power, M. (2010). Emotion-Focused Cognitive Therapy. Chichester: Wiley.
  • Scheibe, S., Freund, A. M., & Baltes, P. B. (2007). Toward a developmental psychology of Sehnsucht (life longings): The optimal (utopian) life. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 778–795. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.778.
  • Scheibe, S., Blanchard-Fields, F., Wiest, M. & Freund, A. M. (2011). Is longing only for Germans? A cross-cultural comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States. Developmental Psychology, 47(3), 603–618. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021807.
  • Spiegel Online. (2004, October 25). “Habseligkeiten” ist schönstes deutsches Wort [“Belongings” is the most beautiful German word]. Retrieved from http://www.spiegel.de/kultur/gesellschaft/0,1518,324670,00.html
  • Stillings, N. A., Chase, Chr. H., Weisler, S. E., Feinstein, M. H., Garfield, J. L., Rissland, E. L., & Weisler, S. W. (1995). Cognitive ScienceAn Introduction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2350030113.
  • Talmy, L. (2007). Foreword. In M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson & M. J. Spivey (Eds.), Methods in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 11–21). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Vater, H. (2006). On the Mental Lexicon. Studi Linguistici e Filologici Online, 4(1), 175–204.
  • Vorkachev, S. G. (2007). Lyubov’ kak lingvokul’turniy kontsept [Love as a Linguocultural Concept]. Moscow: Gnozis [in Russian].
  • Wierzbicka, A. (1999). Emotions Across Languages and Cultures: Diversity and UniversalsCambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511521256

Author Biographies

Kostiantyn Mizin, Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University, Ukraine

ORCID: 0000-0002-5216-6032

kmizin@i.ua

Lesia Ovsiienko, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Ukraine

ORCID: 0000-0001-6503-7398

lesichkameta@gmail.com

Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Mizin, K., & Ovsiienko, L. (2020). Application Perspectives of Corpus-Based Methods Within Linguo-Cultural and Psycholinguistic Analysis: German Emotional Concept Sehnsucht. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics , 7(1). https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2020.7.1.miz
Section
Vol 7 No 1 (2020)