Application Perspectives of Corpus-Based Methods Within Linguo-Cultural and Psycholinguistic Analysis: German Emotional Concept Sehnsucht

Authors

  • Kostiantyn Mizin Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University, Ukraine
  • Lesia Ovsiienko Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2020.7.1.miz

Keywords:

emotion, linguo-cultural concept, contrastive linguo-cultural analysis, corpus-based method, German language, psycholinguistics.

Abstract

The paper aims at exploring the German emotional concept SEHNSUCHT features on the basis of corpus-based method being part of contrastive linguo-cultural (language-and-culture oriented) analysis of specific linguo-cultural (language-and-culture) concepts. The tested method includes two research procedures: 1) establishing relevant senses of the concept SEHNSUCHT and identifying their basic sense clusters by contrastive translation analysis of concordances built on the basis of the word query Sehnsucht; 2) determining the emotional concepts that can serve as the representatives of the concept SEHNSUCHT in the target linguo-cultures (languages and cultures). The latter procedure includes processing the co-occurrent profile of the word query Sehnsucht. This profile is an up-to-date definition of the lexeme Sehnsucht. By extrapolating the basic semantic features of this definition on the cognitive features of the concept SEHNSUCHT, the main concept representatives of the latter have been determined. It has been revealed that the basic emotional senses of the concept SEHNSUCHT (‘striving’, ‘desire’, ‘wish’, ‘longing’, ‘mourning for a person one loses’, ‘passionate attraction’ and others) create the following sense clusters: 1) ‘intensive inner affection’; 2) ‘passionate (sexual) affection’; 3) ‘striving for life changes (alternatives)’; 4) ‘longing (nostalgia) for life changes (alternatives)’; 5) ‘mourning (grief) for another person, often with no hope’. Based on the linguistic corpus statistic data as of the frequency of co-occurrent-like forms, co-occurrents and left- and right-hand collocates of the word query Sehnsucht, the co-occurrent profile of the word was developed. With the help of the relevant definition of the lexeme Sehnsucht studied on the basis of the co-occurrent profile, the basic concept representatives of the concept SEHNSUCHT, i.e. PASSION, DESIRE, SADNESS, were revealed. These concepts can facilitate an adequate transfer of the specific concept SEHNSUCHT to the target languages and cultures, provided no adequate analogue exists. The tested method may be also applied in psycholinguistic studies aimed at mental and verbal categorization of specific emotions.

Author Biographies

Kostiantyn Mizin, Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University, Ukraine

ORCID: 0000-0002-5216-6032

kmizin@i.ua

Lesia Ovsiienko, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Ukraine

ORCID: 0000-0001-6503-7398

lesichkameta@gmail.com

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References (translated and transliterated)

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Bahn, D., Kauschke, Chr., Vesker, M., & Schwaryer, G. (2018). Perception of valence and arousal in German emotion terms: A comparison between 9-year-old children and adults. Applied Psycholinguistics, 39(3), 463–481. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716417000443

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DKW. (

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http://www.dwds.de/ressourcen/korpora/

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Fluency Technique Application, Initial Psychometrics, and Its Validation. Journal of

Psycholinguistic Research, 48, 1339–1361. https://doi.org./10.1007/s10936-019-09661-y Izard, C. E. (2011). Forms and functions of emotions: Matters of emotion–cognition interactions.

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https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016359

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Kulpina, V., & Tatarinov, V. (2018). Dictionary of Linguoculturology Terms as a Solution to the

Current Research Problem. Open Journal for Studies in Linguistics, 1(1), 15–20.

https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.ojsl.0101.02015k

Kuperman, V., Estes, Z., Brysbaert, M., & Warriner, A. B. (2014). Emotion and language:

Valence and arousal affect word recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,

, 1065–1081. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035669

LCC Leipzig Corpora Collection: Deutsches Nachrichten-Korpus basierend auf Texten gecrawlt

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deu_newscrawl-public_2018

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https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.2.126

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germanisch-ostslawischen Kontraste: Methode zur Feststellung von spezifischen bzw.

einzigartigen Bedeutungen. Germanoslavica, 30(1), 49-70.

Mizin, K., & Letiucha, L. (2019). The Linguo-Cultural Concept TORSCHLUSSPANIK as the

Representative of Ethno-Specific Psycho-Emotional State of Germans. Psycholinguistics- Psiholingvistika, 25(2), 234–249. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2019-25-2

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Sehnsucht (life longings): The optimal (utopian) life. Developmental Psychology, 43(3),

–795. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.778

Scheibe, S., Blanchard-Fields, F., Wiest, M. & Freund, A. M. (2011). Is longing only for

Germans? A cross-cultural comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States.

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Weisler, S. W. (1995). Cognitive Science: An Introduction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2350030113

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(Eds.), Methods in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 11–21). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Vater, H. (2006). On the Mental Lexicon. Studi Linguistici e Filologici Online, 4(1), 175–204. Vorkachev, S. G. (2007). Lyubov’ kak lingvokul’turniy kontsept [Love as a Linguocultural

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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511521256

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Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Mizin, K., & Ovsiienko, L. (2020). Application Perspectives of Corpus-Based Methods Within Linguo-Cultural and Psycholinguistic Analysis: German Emotional Concept Sehnsucht. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2020.7.1.miz

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Vol 7 No 1 (2020)